AZ Department of Agriculture

Weights and Measures Services Division

Conversion Tables

Scroll down to view common measurement conversion tables.

Need more conversions?

View NIST Handbook 44, Appendix C Conversion tables.

 

COMMON KITCHEN CONVERSIONS

  TEASPOON tableSPOON FLUID
OUNCE
CUP LIQUID
PINT
LIQUID
QUART
GALLON MILLILITER LITER GILL
TEASPOON 1 1/3 1/6 * * * * 5 * *
TABLESPOON 3 1 1/2 1/16 1/32 * * 15 * *
FLUID OUNCE 6 2 1 1/8 1/16 1/32 * 30 * 1/4
CUP 48 16 8 1 1/2 1/4 1/16 236.6 .24 2
LIQUID PINT * * 16 2 1 1/2 1/8 473.2 .47 4
LIQUID QUART * * 32 4 2 1 1/4 946.3 .95 *
GALLON * * 128 16 8 4 1 * 3.79 32
MILLILITER 1/5 * * * * * * 1 1/1000 *
LITER * * 34 4.2 2.1 1.06 * 1000 1 *
GILL * * 4 1/2 1/4 * 1/32 118.3 * *
* EQUIVALENT NOT COMMONLY USED

OTHER MEASUREMENTS

 
1 PINCH OR DASH
= 1/16 TEASPOON     1 GALLON
=
231 CUBIC INCHES
 
8 QUARTS
= 1 PECK     31.5 GALLONS
=
1 BARREL
 
4 PECKS
= 1 BUSHEL     2 BARRELS
=
1 HOGSHEAD
 
16 OZ.
= 1 POUND (DRY MEASURE)     1 POUND BUTTER
=
2 CUPS
 
1 FLUID DRAM
= 60 MINIM **      
 
 
(minims is the only accurate conversion factor for all customary fluid measurement)

TEMPERATURE


Temperature Conversion Image


GASOLINE DISPENSERS

1 gallon = 231 cubic inches
5 gallons = 1155 cubic inches
If a 5 gallon measure is short:   The loss per 1000 gallons is:
5 cubic inches = 4.3 gallons
6 cubic inches = 5.2 gallons
7 cubic inches = 6.0 gallons
8 cubic inches = 6.9 gallons
9 cubic inches = 7.8 gallons
10 cubic inches = 8.7 gallons

WEIGHT OF COMMON PRODUCTS

  PER PINT PER GALLON PER CUBIC FOOT
WATER 1.042 LB 8.333 LB 62.335 LB
GASOLINE 0.769 LB 6.152 LB 46.020 LB
DIESEL FUEL 0.933 LB 7.462 LB 55.826 LB
KEROSENE 0.603 LB 4.822 LB 36.071 LB

MEASURES OF WEIGHT (AVOIRDUPOIS)

1 grain
=
0.0648 grams
11/32 grains
=
1 dram (dr) OR 1.7718
16 drams
=
437.5 grains OR 1 ounce (oz.) OR 28.35 grams
16 ounces
=
7000 grains OR 1 pound (lb) OR 256 drams OR
453.5237 grams OR .45 kilograms
100 pounds
=
1 central OR 1 hundredweight (cwt) OR 45.36
kilograms
2000 pounds
=
1 short ton OR 20 hundredweights OR 907.18
kilograms OR .91 metric ton
2240 pounds
=
1 long ton

TROY PRECIOUS METALS

24 grains
=
1 pennyweight (dwt)
20 pennyweights
=
480 grains OR 1 ounce (oz.t.) OR 31.10 grams
12 ounces
=
5760 grains OR 1 pound (lb.t.) OR 373.24 grams

APOTHECARIES' WEIGHT - used for dry medicines

20 grains
=
1 scruple
3 scruples
=
dram
8 drams
=
480 grains OR 1 ounce OR 31.10 grams
12 ounces
=
5760 grains OR 1 pound OR 96 drams OR 288
scruples OR 373.24 grams

APOTHECARIES' WEIGHT - square measure U.S.

1 square inch
=
6.4516 square centimeters
144 square inches
=
1 square foot (sq. ft.) OR 0.0929 m2 (meter squared)
9 square feet
=
1 square yard (sq.yd.) OR .08361 m2
30 1/4 square yards
=
1 square rod (sq. rd.) OR 25.2930 m2
160 square rods
=
1 acre (A.) OR 0.4047 hectares
640 acres
=
1 square mile (sq. mi.) OR 258.9998 hectares
NOTE: The "GRAIN" is the same in avoirdupois, troy and apothecaries weight

METRIC/U.S. CUSTOMARY UNIT EQUIVALENTS

LENGTH
inches
x
25.4
=
millimeters   millimeters
x
0.03937
=
inches
feet
x
0.3048
=
meters   meters
x
3.281
=
feet
yards
x
0.9144
=
meters   meters
x
1.0936
=
yards
miles
x
1.6093
=
kilometers   kilometers
x
0.6214
=
miles
inches
x
2.54
=
centimeters   centimeters
x
0.3937
=
inches
microinches
x
0.0254
=
micrometers   micrometers
x
39.37
=
microinches
AREA
inches2
x
645.16
=
millimeters 2   millimeters 2
x
0.00155
=
inches 2
inches 2
x
6.452
=
centimeters 2   centimeters 2
x
0.155
=
inches 2
feet 2
x
0.0929
=
meters 2   meters 2
x
10.764
=
feet 2
yards 2
x
0.8361
=
meters 2   meters 2
x
1.196
=
yards 2
acres
x
0.4047
=
hectare   hectare
x
2.471
=
acres
miles 2
x
2.59
=
kilometers 2   kilometers 2
x
0.3861
=
miles 2
VOLUME
inches 3
x
16387
=
millimeters 3   millimeters 3
x
0.000061
=
inches 3
inches 3
x
16.387
=
centimeters 3   centimeters 3
x
0.06102
=
inches 3
inches 3
x
0.01639
=
liters   liters
x
61.024
=
inches 3
quarts
x
0.94635
=
liters   liters
x
1.0567
=
quarts
gallons
x
3.7854
=
liters   liters
x
0.2642
=
gallons
feet 3
x
28.317
=
liters   liters
x
0.03531
=
feet 3
feet 3
x
0.02832
=
meters 3   meters 3
x
35.315
=
feet 3
fluid oz
x
29.57
=
milliliters   milliliters
x
0.03381
=
fluid oz
yards 3
x
0.7646
=
meters 3   meters 3
x
1.308
=
yards 3
teaspoons
x
4.929
=
milliliters   milliliters
x
0.2029
=
teaspoons
cups
x
0.2366
=
liters   liters
x
4.227
=
cups
MASS
ounces
x
28.35
=
grams   grams
x
0.03527
=
ounces
pounds
x
0.4536
=
kilograms   kilograms
x
2.2046
=
pounds
tons
x
907.18
=
kilograms   kilograms
x
0.001102
=
tons
tons
x
0.090718
=
metric tons   metric tons
x
1.1023
=
tons